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Apolipoprotein A-1 (Apo A1) assay

Product Method Size Catalog Price
Apolipoprotein A-1 (Apo A1) assay Immunoturbidimetric R1 2 x 8.6ml, R2 2 x 4.8ml LP8007 POA
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  • Format
    Liquid ready-to-use
  • Assay Range
    5.46 - 261mg/dl
  • Working Stability 2-8 °C
    Stable to expiry
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Intended Use

For the quantitative in vitro determination of Apolipoprotein A-I (APO A-I) in serum and plasma. For use as an aid in assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease. This product is suitable for use on the RX modena analyser.

Clinical Significance

Lipids are metabolised in the intestine or liver, and are transported to tissues and organs after hydrophilic adaptation by a series of micellar structures. These structures consist of an outer monolayer of protein (an apolipoprotein) and polar lipids (phospholipids and unesterified cholesterol) plus an inner core of neutral lipids (triglycerides and cholesterol esters). The apolipoproteins interact with a series of enzymes and tissue receptors and are therefore responsible for further metabolism and catabolism of the micelle.

The A apolipoproteins are the main form of protein found in high density lipoproteins (HDL), although APO A-I is also present in chylomicrons. The main role of APO A-I is in the activation of Lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase (LCAT) and removal of free cholesterol from extra-hepatic tissues. APO A-I may therefore be described as non-atherogenic, showing an inverse relationship to cardiovascular risk.

Studies have shown that there is an inverse relationship between APO A-I and coronary artery disease and a direct relationship with APO B such that patients with CAD have generally reduced levels of APO A-I and increased levels of APO B.

Principle

This method is based on the reaction of a sample containing human APO A-I and specific antiserum to form an insoluble complex which can be measured turbidimetrically at 340 nm. By constructing a standard curve from the absorbances of standards the concentration of APO A-I can be determined.

Available Applications

RX modena